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QUESTION 1 OF 1

A 40-year-old patient presents to you in fracture clinic with a displaced 2-part midshaft clavicle fracture. He has 2 cm of shortening and is enquiring about treatment options.
Which of these outcomes has no statistically significant benefit with open reduction and internal fixation with plate and screws as opposed to non-operative treatment?


QUESTION ID: 1093

1. A. Complications such as neurologic complication, complex regional pain syndrome, rotator cuff diseases, and complications due to operation (bent plate, plate breakage, implant failure, infection)
2. B. Functional outcome (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand - DASH score)
3. C. Mal-union
4. D. Non-union
5. E. Shoulder appearance defect